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Utilization Management

CMS Removes Inpatient Only List Starting in 2021 

Medicare Only – Allwell and MyCare

CMS has announced the finalization of their rule to end the inpatient-only list. This transition will occur over a three-year period and begins by eliminating about 300 services, mostly musculoskeletal-related in nature (including joint replacements).

  • The changes intend to give patients more freedom of choice in their health care options and save them money.
  • They also allow Medicare to pay for inpatient and outpatient services in the case that each is relevant.
  • Eliminated procedures may be subject to review, including the 2-midnight rule. This means the presumption of the need for Part A payment if an inpatient hospital stay lasts two or more midnights post-admission. CMS is exempting certain 2-minute rule reviews of newly removed procedures for two years.

Services Removed from the Inpatient Only List (IPO) for CY 2021

CMS has provided a table that includes services removed from the inpatient-only list for CY 2021. The list includes long descriptors and CPT/HCPCS codes and status indicators. You can find the list of removed services starting on page 709 of the CMS-1736 PDF.

Navigating the process for hospital level of care approval and denials.

A Step-by-Step Guide.

To assist you in navigating the process of receiving approval or denial for the level of care you request for admission to a hospital, long-term acute care facilities, rehabilitation facilities and skilled nursing facilities, we created this Step-by-Step Guide.

Submitting a Hospital Admission Notification

Notifications are communications to Buckeye Health Plan regarding a member’s admission to or discharge from a hospital. Admission notification can be submitted on Buckeye Health Plan website under the Medicaid PA check tool or by faxing admission information to 866-709-1109 or 866-786-1039. This form can be found on our website in the Forms section. Timely notification of the members discharge date must be provided.

After Submitting the Admission Notification

Concurrent Review

Concurrent review is initiated as soon as Buckeye’s utilization review nurses are notified of the admission and initial clinical information is submitted. Subsequent reviews are based on the severity of the individual case, needs of the member, complexity, treatment plan and discharge planning activity.

  • Buckeye ensures the oversight and evaluation of members when admitted to hospitals, Long-term Acute Care facilities, rehabilitation centers, and skilled nursing facilities (SNF). This oversight includes reviewing continued inpatient stays to ensure appropriate utilization of health care resources and to promote quality outcomes for members.
  • Buckeye provides oversight for members receiving acute care services in facilities mentioned above to determine the initial/ongoing medical necessity, appropriate level of care, appropriate length of stay, and to facilitate a timely discharge.

The authorization will occur concurrently based on guidelines for appropriateness of continued stay to:

  • Ensure that services are provided in a timely and efficient manner.
  • Make certain that established standards of quality care are met.
  • Implement timely and efficient transfer to a lower level of care when clinically indicated and appropriate.
  • Complete timely and effective discharge planning.
  • Identify referrals appropriate for case management (CM) or quality-of-care review.
  • Identify cases appropriate for follow up by the CM/service coordinator.

Concurrent review decisions are made utilizing the following criteria:

  • Ohio Administrative Code (Ohio Department of Medicaid rules)
  • Medicare National Coverage Determinations (NCDs) and Local Coverage Determinations (LCDs)
  • Interqual® Level of Care Criteria
  • Centene (Buckeye Health Plan) clinical policies

These review criteria are utilized as a guideline. Decisions will take into account the member’s medical condition and co-morbidities. The review process is performed under the direction of the Buckeye’s medical director.

Frequency of review will be based on the clinical condition of the member. The frequency of reviews for extension of initial determinations is based on the severity/complexity of the patient’s condition, necessary treatment and discharge planning activity, including possible placement in a different level of care. Clinical information is requested to support the appropriateness of the admission, continued length of stay, level of care, treatment and discharge plans.


  1. Initial clinical information is submitted by the provider and reviewed at level 1 per the BHP review nurse.
    • If unable to certify or approve the requested level of care, a request for additional information within an appropriate timeframe is made. If submitted within the timeframe requested, this information will be considered with the initial information.
      • If criteria is met, an approval letter is generated with notification of next review date.
      • If criteria is unable to be met, it is submitted to a medical director for secondary review.
      • If the medical director determines the stay is not medically necessary, notification is made to the facility and a denial letter is issued.
  2. In the event of an adverse determination, a physician involved with the patient’s care or physician advisor from the facility may request a Physician to Physician (peer to peer) discussion with a medical director at BHP by calling Utilization Management at 866-246-4356, extension 24084, or by secure email to within five (5) calendar days of receiving the notice of determination.
  3. Post discharge requests - Request for Review of Inpatient Status.
    • All post-discharge requests for review must be submitted with an explanation as to reason for a retrospective review, i.e., unable to know, retrospective eligibility type situations.
      • If the request meets the need for retrospective review, a UM nurse will review and follow the process and notification (Step 1) of determination within 30 days.